Solar Cell Etchants
Antireflective surface treatment
Solar Cell Etchants are anisotropic type etchants for surface treatment of silicon solar cells and are used to improve cell efficiency.
SOLAR CELL ETCHANT – Type 200
Alkali – based, low toxicity
SOLAR CELL ETCHANT – Type 300
Ethylenediamine – based, safer to use
- Textured surface
- Reduced light reflection
- Improved cell efficiency
SOLAR CELL ETCHANTS
Solar cell etchants are anisotropic type etchants for the surface treatment of silicon solar cells and are used to improve cell efficiency.
The surface treatment leads to the formation of tetrahedral structures which reduce reflection losses of incident solar energy. The textured surface structure actually promotes interaction of light and favors light absorption. Reduced efficiency due to light reflection is, therefore, minimized.
Two etching systems are offered: SCE-200 is alkali-based and has a low toxicity. SCE-300 is ethylenediamine-based and has a moderate etch rate.
PROPERTIES OF SOLAR CELL ETCHANTS
|Appearance||Odorless, colorless liquid||Clear yellow liquid|
|Oper. Temp||75-100 °C||118 °C|
|Preferred Orientation||< 100 >||< 100 >|
|Etch Rate||———————-||25 m /hr.|
> 50 %
The etching process using Type 300 is best carried out in flask fitted with a reflux condenser. An open system may be used for Type 200. The flask should be heated gently so that the etchant is just at the boiling point.